Instructions to the Authors

Instructions to the Authors

Dileme (in Eng., Dilemmas) are a scientific periodical journal issued by the Study Centre for National Reconciliation. Authors of the papers published in Dileme receive no honorarium. Their papers have to represent an original contribution to the addressed topic and must not be published beforehand in any other scientific journal. The papers are peer-reviewed.

The authors can send their papers to the address of the editorial board (Study Centre for National Reconciliation, Tivolska 42, 1000 Ljubljana) or by e-mail to the Dileme journal address ( The papers should encompass between 30,000 and 50,000 characters with spaces. They should contain:

− keywords (up to five), reflecting the content of the paper;

− an extract (max. ten lines) which has to be comprehensible without reading the full paper;

− an abstract (max. 30 lines) which has to express the purpose of the paper, the main characteristics of the addressed problem and the most relevant results and conclusions.

The authors should provide the following information: name and surname, academic title, workplace, employment institution and e-mail address. The editorial board arranges for the proofreading of the papers and the translations of the abstracts.


General Instructions

  • The text should be broken down in a meaningful way, with headings at up to three levels.
  • The text and footnotes need to clearly indicate which parts are author's own findings and which are references to other sources.
  • The text has to be prepared in DOC or DOCX format, Times New Roman font, font size 12, line spacing 1,5. No line spacing should be used between paragraphs and the first line of each paragraph should be indented. The subheadings have to be in bold lower-case letters.
  • Direct quotes (citations) have to be in italics and delimited with inverted commas.
  • A citation longer than 5 lines should be formatted as a free-standing block of text. The citation should be in inverted commas, regular font. Set font size to 11, left indent to 1 cm, no separate indent for the first line.
  • Notes have to be written as footnotes in font size 10.
  • If you list multiple sources in the same footnote, separate individual sources with a semicolon.
  • Footnotes are bibliographic (specifying sources), biographical (biographical data about a particular person) and substantive (explanatory, detailing a particular event, process, etc.).
  • When a person is mentioned in the text for the first time, their name and surname have to be accompanied by their professional, scientific or academic title and position or function held by that person at the given moment (this information can be contained in a footnote). The name and surname should also be accompanied by the person’s illegal name or pseudonym, if any. In the continuation of the text, we use only the person’s surname. If the person was better known under their illegal name or pseudonym, this can also be used, mutatis mutandis.
  • For various organizations, clients, military units, etc., we use the names they used.
  • The abbreviation rule is as follows: when a name which will be abbreviated in continuation of the paper is mentioned for the first time, the full name is written and an abbreviation is given in parentheses. The abbreviation is then used throughout the paper, including the footnotes. Commonly used abbreviations are acceptable. As a rule, abbreviations are not used in the headings. Authors also have to be mindful not to use too many abbreviations in their papers.
  • All monographs, including those by multiple authors, have to include an index of persons and a list of used sources at the end, in addition to the list of abbreviations.
  • Images are submitted separately. The author is to mark the places in the text where images should be inserted, specifying the images’ sequence numbers, descriptions and sources (in parentheses).

Footnotes and Bibliography: Citing Examples

We use the Chicago Manual of Style for citing, detailed instructions can be found at the following webpage:

The first footnote reference to any cited work has to contain all of the bibliographical data. For the second and all of the following references to this work, a shorter citing version is used. If the same work is specified in two or more consecutive footnotes, use the word Ibidem (acronym Ibid.). As to the explanatory and biographical footnotes, we write “See:” at the end of the text, then specify the source. When we leave out a part of the text in a direct quote, we use // (slash, three dots, slash).

The examples below are marked with [1] to exemplify the first reference to a cited work, [2] to exemplify the short version used with the second and all of the following references, and with [B] to exemplify the adequate citing in the bibliography (list of sources). When citing, pay particular attention to the sequential order of the data record, the punctuation, inverted commas, italics and page citation.

In continuation, we list the most commonly used examples.


One author

[1] Tamara Griesser Pečar, Razdvojeni narod: Slovenija 1941–1945: okupacija, kolaboracija, državljanska vojna, revolucija (Ljubljana: Mladinska knjiga, 2007), 300–11.

[2] Griesser Pečar, Razdvojeni narod, 319.

Chapter or other parts of a book

[1] Boris Mlakar, »Delovanje stražarjev med drugo svetovno vojno«, v: Ehrlichov simpozij v Rimu, ur. Edo Škulj (Celje: Mohorjev družba, 2002), 260–61.

[2] Mlakar, »Delovanje stražarjev«, 271.

Paper in a scientific journal

Specify a particular page in the footnotes and the extent of all pages of the article in the bibliography.

Paper in a printed scientific journal

[1] Tone Ferenc, »Okupatorjeve racije v Ljubljani leta 1942«, Kronika 29, št. 2 (1981): 184.

[2] Ferenc, »Okupatorjeve racije v Ljubljani«, 220.

Article in an online scientific journal

If the journal assigns DOIs (Digital Object Identifier), the corresponding DOI has to be included in the citation. A DOI is a unique persistent identifier that links to, thus creating a link to the cited work, even if the website domain where that source was initially published has changed. If no DOI exists, please provide the website URL. It is mandatory to include the date of your access.

[1] Jelka Piškurić, »Dobra ili loša stara vremena?: socijalističko društvo i svakodnevni život Ljubljane i okolice očima usmenih izvora«, Časopis za suvremenu povijest 51, št. 2 (2019): 423–25, pridobljeno 22. 12. 2020, doi: 10.22586/csp.v51i2.8548.

[2] Piškurić, »Dobra ili loša stara vremena?«, 425.

Articles in newspapers and magazines

If you accessed the article on the internet, please provide the website URL and the date of your access. If the author of the article is unknown, begin by specifying the title of the work.

[1] Stane Ivanc, »Domobranec je bil 'kaznovan', ker je površno pokopaval žrtve«, Delo, 5. 4. 1980, 10.

[2] Ivanc, »Domobranec je bil 'kaznovan'«, 10.


Archive sources

We write the descriptive unit labels as used by the archive. A technical unit comprises, e.g., a box, a binder, while an archive unit comprises a folder, an envelope. In case of microfilms, we only write the technical unit and the microfilm label.

The footnotes have to contain the name of the archive, the country code, established abbreviation of the archive, call number of the fond or collection, number of the descriptive unit (technical and archive unit), document name, date, page (if any). The abbreviation of the archive and the call number of the fond are written as specified by the archive.

In the list of sources, we list archive sources separately. We firstly specify the name of the archive and its abbreviation (used in footnotes) in parentheses. In the following line we include the call number of the fond or collection and the name of the fond or collection. We do not specify the name of the document.

[1] Arhiv Republike Slovenije, SI AS 1931, t. e. 3131, a. e. S-311, Pregled slovenskega izseljenstva, 20. 2. 1968, 6.

[2] ARS, SI AS 1931, t. e. 3131, a. e. S-311, Pregled slovenskega izseljenstva, 20. 2. 1968, 6.

Oral sources

Name and surname of the witness are shortened to their initials if the witness wants to remain anonymous. If two witnesses happen to hold the same initials, the date of recording is added.

If some witnesses want to remain anonymous, while the others allow their names and surnames to be published, we anonymize all of them to ensure equal treatment.

[1] Study Centre for National Reconciliation – Archive of Testimonies, testimony + name and surname of the witness, place and date of recording.

[2] Testimony + name and surname of the witness.